Heel pain frequently occurs in adults, particularly when they usually are physically active or overweight. The commonest reason for heel pain is a condition known as Plantar Fasciitis . The plantar fascia is a long ligament under the foot that attaches the rearfoot to the ball of the foot. Whatever places excessive force on the mid-foot ( arch ) of the foot is likely to strain that long ligament and bring about symptoms. The most common causes of the strain on the mid-foot ( arch ) of the foot are being more physically active, being overweight and having restricted calf muscles.
The pain from plantar fasciitis is pain underneath the centre of the rearfoot bone under the foot. The classic symptom is that the pain is much more intense when getting up from rest, especially getting out of bed first thing in the morning. The symptoms at that time can be quite debilitating, however is normally alleviated after a number of steps to stretch the ligament out. The symptoms gradually exacerbates as the day goes on. There are more causes of heel pain, but this is easily the most frequent cause. Should there be any kind of shooting kind of discomfort, then this indicates that there might be an entrapped nerve.
The conventional method of treating plantar fasciitis is to reduce the strain on that long ligament which is creating the pain. This is often simply done with strapping, but is not always the most practical ways other than for the short term. Foot orthoses can also be extremely helpful early on too. Stretching out of the calf muscles is extremely important. Those that participate in a lot of sports activity will need to reduce some of their exercise amounts to allow healing to take place. If these measures do not help there are more methods such as injection therapy and shockwave therapy. As the pain improves, it is important that there is a steady return to full activity amounts. A too fast return to full activity can cause the problem to occur again.